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Total destruction involving extensive loss of life especially through fire. French “holocauste”=a sacrifice by fire < Latin “holocaustum” < Greek “holokauston” < “holos”=whole’ + “kaiein”=to burn.


A small cigar with both ends cut flat. French “cheroute” < Tamil “shuruttu”=roll (of tobacco).

A vicar, chaplain, curate, or any Anglican clergyman; a minister or preacher of any Christian denomination. Old French “persone” < Latin “persona”=person (or rector).

To ask someone for money, help, or information. Old French “solliciter”=to trouble or disturb < Latin “sollicitare”=to agitate < “sollus”=whole + “ciere”=set in motion.

Word used to introduce more info, as in “that is to say…” “to be specific…” “namely…” Latin “scilicet”=”that is to say” < “scire licit”=permitted to know < “scire”=to know + “licet”=allowed.

A young cow that hasn’t had a calf. Middle English “que” < ?Old Icelandic “ky”=cow.

To put letters, words, or other symbols on a surface (often paper or a screen) with a pen, pencil, or keyboard. Old English “writan”=to score, cut, scribe, incise (on a surface).

A formal religious ceremony or a social custom/practice – often very rule-based. Latin “ritus”=religious observance < Indo-European “rime”=counting, reckoning.

To purposely make someone angry or upset by saying unkind things to them. Possibly from French “tant pour tant”=tit for tat.

A small Australian mammal with duck-like beak, webbed feet, and a wide flat tail. Greek “platupous”=flatfooted < “plati-“=flat + “pous”=foot.

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