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To make or declare someone or something as being for a holy, religious purpose. Latin “consacrere” < “con-“=intensifying prefix + “sacrare”=to make sacred.


An illustration facing the title page of a book. Latin “frontispicium”=looking at the forehead < “front”=front + “spicium” < “specere”=to look at.

Free from punishment or penalty. Latin “impunatis” < “impunis”=not punished < “im-“=not + “poena”=penalty or “punire”=to punish.

Of or relating to knowledge or knowing. Greek “episteme”=knowledge < “epistanai”=to know, understand + “-ic”=suffix meaning “related to, of the nature of.”

Resembling or having the properties of oil; of people, having an offensively ingratiating manner. French “oléagineux” < Latin “oleaginus” = from the olice tree < “oleum”=oil.

Third in order, importance, or value. Latin “tertiarius”=third part < “tertius”=third + “-arius”=connected with or pertaining to.

To prevent or obstruct an event or activity by taking some sort of advance action. Middle English “forestall” meaning “to intercept goods before they go to market” < Old English “foresteall” < “fore”=in front + “steall”=standing place.

A person whose job is to discover information about crimes and catch criminals. C19th shortening of “detective policeman” < Latin “detegere”=to uncover, discover + “-ive”=related to, having the quality of.

A person who knows and can speak several languages. French “polyglotte” < Greek “poluglottos” < “polu”=many + “glotta”=tongue.

Unremitting, persistent, and/or constant; showing great care, attention, and effort. Latin “assidēre”=to sit by, literally “sitting down to” hence the idea of paying close attention to something.

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