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The point where a planet is closest to the star it is orbiting. Latin “perihelium” < “peri-“=around, go round + Greek “helios”=sun.


To breed or spread prolifically or rapidly. Latin “pullulare”=to sprout or spring forth < “pullus”=the young of an animal.

A bright or luminous spot on the surface of the sun. Latin “facula” < “fax”=torch + “-ula”=diminutive. i.e. a little torch.

Having or showing the symptoms of a fever; full of nervous energy or excitement. Latin “febrilis” < “febris”=fever.

The feature where a word can have multiple meanings. French “polysémie” < Latin “polysemus” < Greek “polisemos”=having any meanings < “poly”=many + “sima”=sign or mark.

The art of making women’s hats. Toponym from Italian “Milano”=the city of Milan, from where women’s hats and apparel were made < Latin “Mediolanum,” the chief city of Lombardy.

An event or short period of time during which something happens. Greek “episothion”=a space between to choral songs < “epi”=in addition + “eisothos”=entering + “othos”=way

A (prehistoric) person who lives in a cave; a cave-man. Latin “trogodyta” < Greek “troglodutes” < “troglo”=hole + “duein”=to get or go into.

Of, or related to, the tongue. Latin “lingua”=tongue (both as the body part and in general for a language).

Behavior, especially by children, that causes trouble or damage, but no serious harm. Anglo-Norman “meschef”=misfortune, trouble < “mes”=wrong + “chever”=to reach an end.

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