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Someone given land to live on by a lord in return for promising to work or fight for him. Old French “vasal” < Latin “vassallus”=man-servant, retainer. Of Celtic origin, possibly Celtic “*wosto-“=boy, servant.


To express strong disapproval, disagreement, or annoyance with someone. Latin “expostulare”=to ask for, demand, claim < “ex-“=bring forth, out + “postulare”=assert, lay down as a fact.

Using words that are too long, formal, or pompous just to try and impress people. Latin “grandiloquus” < “grand”=great, important + “loquus”=speaking < “loqui”=to speak.

Fixed in one place; immobile. Latin “sessilis”=sitting down, stunted < “sedere”=to sit + “-ilis”=adjective-forming suffix.

Able to move or be moved with ease; not fixed in place. French “mobile”=movable, variable < Latin “mobilis” < “movere”=to move + “-bilis”=capable, tending to.

A piece of white clothing worn over other clothes by priests or singers in church. Latin “superpellicum” < “super-“=over, above + “pellicia”=fur garment < “pellis”=skin.” (Originally worn over fur clothes that protected against cold)

The process where organic matter rots and decays, often resulting in a bad smell. Middle French “putréfaction” < Latin “putrefacere” < “putrid”=rotten + “facere”=to make.

To officially take something away from someone, usually as a punishment. Latin “confiscare”=to put into a chest or public treasury < “con-“=together + “fiscus”=chest or treasury.

Rose-colored; resembling a rose. Latin “roseus” < made of roses < “rosa”=rose + “-eous”=suffix meaning “full of” or “abounding in.”

Partial displacement or dislocation of the bones at a joint. Latin “subluxation” < “sub-“=prefix meaning under or less than + “luxare”=to dislocate < Greek “loksos.”

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