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A principle or belief, especially one that is part of a larger system. Latin “tenet”=he holds < “tenere”=to hold, grasp, possess.

The round colored part of the eye around the black pupil. Latin “iris” < Greek “iris”=rainbow.

To make someone feel annoyed or resentful. Old English “gealle”=a sore on a horse (which would be painful and annoying).

A strong taste, flavor, or smell; a sharp, point of a knife. Middle English “tonge” < Old Norse “tange”=point, sharp edge.

Person weakened or disabled by illness or injury. Latin “invalidus”=not strong, weak, inadequate < “in-“=not + “validus”=strong.

A harem; a Turkish palace. Italian “serraglio” < Latin “serraculum”=place of confinement < Persian “serai”=lodging, residence.

An emblem or shield with a coat of arms. Anglo-Norman “escuchon” < Latin “scutum”=shield.

A public disturbance or fight. Anglo-Norman “afrayer”=to disturb or startle < ?Latin “affraium”=brawl, disturbance.

A traditional way of behaving specific to a particular society or time. Latin “consuetudo” < “consuetus” = habit, usage.

Tooth or bone decay. Latin “caries”=decay.