Wrinkled, rigged, creased, or corrugated. Latin “rugosus”=full of wrinkles or creases < “ruga”=a fold or crease + “-osus”=full of, abounding in.


A thing, event or situation that people don’t understand or can’t explain. Latin “mysterium”=secret rites < Greek “musterion”=secret < “muein”=to close the eyes or lips.

An iron-headed club used for lifting a ball high or for medium distances; a number 5 iron. Possibly from Scottish “mash hammer”=a hammer for breaking up stones < French “masse”=sledgehammer.

A field where rice is grown. Malay “padi”=rice, especially when still in the husk.

To shine, glisten, or gleam brightly. Scottish, but of uncertain origin, possible Old Icelandic “skina”=to shine + “-le” suffix applied to verbs that happen repeatedly (e.g. “dazzle, twinkle, crackle”).

A tiny aggregate of a mineral in sedimentary rock, usually occurring in a round cluster. French “framb(oise)”=raspberry (a reference to the shape) + Greek “oeidis”=having the appearance of, looking like.

A foot or footprint. Australian slang, possibly from Dharuk (New South Wales) “manuwi” or Awabakul (New South Wales) “manduwan”=foot.

Telling the future by magic or sorcery. Greek “magus”=sorcerer, wise man < Old Persian “magus” + Greek “-mancy”=suffix meaning “fortune telling by…” < “mantis”=prophet.

Person who rides as a guide on the near horse of one of the pairs attached to a coach. French “postillon” < Italian “postiglione”=courier, post-boy < “posta”=mail, post + “-illa”=diminutive suffix.

A false report or slander promoted for political purposes. Eponym named for a fictitious author, Baron von Roorback, created by an abolitionist newspaper in Ithaca, NY, in 1844.

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