Of a person, big, strong, and heavily built. Middle English “borlich”=imposing, stately, noble


An ostentatious display. Uncertain origin, perhaps Middle French “paraph”=a florish added to a signature to limit forgeries.

A powerful, often illegal, drug made from poppy seeds. Latin “opium” < Greek “opion”=poppy juice < “opos”=plant juice < Proto-Indo-European “*swokwos”=juice.

An ungrateful person; someone not showing appreciation or thanks for something. Latin “ingratus”=not pleasing < “in-“=not + “gratus”=pleasing.

A piece of information that helps solve a puzzle. Middle English “clew”=a ball of thread (used to guide someone out of a maze) < Old English “cleowan”=ball of stuff

Easily led, taught, or controlled; submissive. French “docile”=teachable < Latin “docilis”=easily taught < “docere”=to teach.

The movement of goods and/services between people. French “trafique” < Italian “traffico” < ?Latin “transficare”=to transact.

A dish consisting of oatmeal or other cereal boiled in water or milk. Alteration of “pot(t)age”=a thick soup < French “potage” < Old French “potage”=something that is put into a pot.

A sharp, angry, or witty reply. Latin “retorquere”=to throw back, to reverse the course of < “re-“again + “torquere”=to twist, turn

To criticize someone for something that they have done. Anglo-Norman “reprover”=to criticize < Latin “reprobare”=to reject, condemn.

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