You are currently browsing the tag archive for the ‘Dutch’ tag.

Descriptive of water that is salty, like sea water or river water at estuaries where it meets the ocean; general meaning of distasteful. Dutch “brak”=salty, briny < Middle Dutch “brac” + “-isch”=adjective-forming suffix meaning “having the quality of.”

To pretend that you know or have something in order to trick someone into doing what you want; to con or hoodwink. Dutch “bluffen”= to brag, as in cards, where someone acts as if they have a good hand when they don’t.

To gossip or, as a noun, a tattle-tale. Afrikaans “skinder+ to gossip < Dutch “schender”=someone who corrupts or injures someone else < “schenden”=to disgrace, shame.

To cause a lot of problems or difficulties for someone. Dutch “belegeren”=to lay siege to a town, encircling it and cutting it off < “be”=all (around) + “leger”=an encampment.

To fumigate a cask with burning sulfur, in order to stop the contained liquor from fermenting. Dutch “stommen” < “stom”=unfermented or partly fermented grape juice < dumb, flat.

A wooden rack or pallet for keeping stored goods off the floor or separating goods while being transported. Dutch “stellagie”=a stand or scaffold (usually for casks) < “stellen”=to place < Germanic “*stallo-“=place.

South African word for a small rural town or village often used to suggest that a place is backward or unimpressive. Dutch “dorp” < Old Germanic “*thorpo”=village.

To give something to a pawnbroker in exchange for money. Dutch “hok”=debt, credit, , hovel, hutch, or slang for prison.

A small railway carriage at the back of a train. Dutch “kabuis” = kitchen on a ship (transferred sense to train in US in C18th).

A clear spirit distilled from grain and flavored with juniper berries. Short for Dutch “genever” < Latin “juniperus”=juniper.

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