You are currently browsing the tag archive for the ‘Dutch’ tag.

A wooden rack or pallet for keeping stored goods off the floor or separating goods while being transported. Dutch “stellagie”=a stand or scaffold (usually for casks) < “stellen”=to place < Germanic “*stallo-“=place.

South African word for a small rural town or village often used to suggest that a place is backward or unimpressive. Dutch “dorp” < Old Germanic “*thorpo”=village.

To give something to a pawnbroker in exchange for money. Dutch “hok”=debt, credit, , hovel, hutch, or slang for prison.

A small railway carriage at the back of a train. Dutch “kabuis” = kitchen on a ship (transferred sense to train in US in C18th).

A clear spirit distilled from grain and flavored with juniper berries. Short for Dutch “genever” < Latin “juniperus”=juniper.

A small stream or brook, often used poetically. Origin uncertain but possibly Dutch “ril”=watercourse < Germanic “rithe”=stream.

Small cucumber pickled in vinegar. Dutch “augurkje”=diminutive “agurk”=cucumber, from Slavic, and Greek “angourio”=cucumber.

Mop of rope-yarn used to clean ship decks. Back-formed from “swabber” (someone who cleans) < Dutch “zwabben”=to sway or splash.

A leave of absence, esp. in relation to soldiers. Dutch “verlof” < imitation of German “verlaub” < “ver”=for + “laub-“=leave/allow.

A flat-bottomed boat used to move cargo from ships to the shore. Dutch “schouw”=ferry boat < Old Saxon “scaldan”=to push (a boat out).

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