You are currently browsing the tag archive for the ‘Dutch’ tag.

To give something to a pawnbroker in exchange for money. Dutch “hok”=debt, credit, , hovel, hutch, or slang for prison.


A small railway carriage at the back of a train. Dutch “kabuis” = kitchen on a ship (transferred sense to train in US in C18th).

A clear spirit distilled from grain and flavored with juniper berries. Short for Dutch “genever” < Latin “juniperus”=juniper.

A small stream or brook, often used poetically. Origin uncertain but possibly Dutch “ril”=watercourse < Germanic “rithe”=stream.

Small cucumber pickled in vinegar. Dutch “augurkje”=diminutive “agurk”=cucumber, from Slavic, and Greek “angourio”=cucumber.

Mop of rope-yarn used to clean ship decks. Back-formed from “swabber” (someone who cleans) < Dutch “zwabben”=to sway or splash.

A leave of absence, esp. in relation to soldiers. Dutch “verlof” < imitation of German “verlaub” < “ver”=for + “laub-“=leave/allow.

A flat-bottomed boat used to move cargo from ships to the shore. Dutch “schouw”=ferry boat < Old Saxon “scaldan”=to push (a boat out).

A plate sized between a dessert and a dinner plate. Dutch “twijfelaar” < ” twijfelen”=to vacillate, to be unsure.

A South African vulture. Afrikaans “aasvoel” < Dutch “aasvogel” < “aas”=carrion + “vogel”=bird.

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