You are currently browsing the tag archive for the ‘French’ tag.

A short bar hanging from two ropes high above the ground, used by acrobats to swing upon. French “trapèze” < Latin “trapezium”=a shape with four sides, only two of which are parallel < Greek “trapeza”=table.

A kind of small cap or bonnet worn by men and women in various countries. French “toque” < same root as Italian “tocca,” Spanish “toca,” and Portuguese “touca,” all referring to head wear.

Soft leather with a brushed, slightly rough surface. French “gants de Suède”=gloves of Sweden.

A brownish-black coal intermediate between peat and solid coal , usually where wood is still visible. French “lignite” < Latin “lignum”=wood + “-ite”=suffix used to mark minerals.

A female slave or concubine in a harem; an exotic, sexually attractive woman; a representation of a sexually attractive figure in art. French “odalisque” < Turkish “odalik” =chamber, room + “lik”=suffix expressing function.

A small waterfall; to fall or hang in large amounts. French “cascade” < Italian “cascata”=fall < Latin “cascare”=to fall + “-ata”=suffix forming nouns of action.

To fly up to a great height by floating on currents of air. French “essorer” < to fly up, rise < Latin “exaurare” < “ex-“=from, out of + “aura”=air, breeze.

A society, community, or group of people living together or having a common purpose; a commune. Blend of Latin “phalanx”=group (of soldiers) + French “monastère”=monastery.

To officially criticize someone or something very strongly and publicly. French “censure” < Latin “censura”=judgement, censorship < “censere”=to estimate, measure, judge.

A government, but especially one that is overly authoritarian or not elected fairly; a special plan of food or exercise intended to improve your health. French “régime” < Latin “regimen”=rule < “regere”=to rule or direct.

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