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A pile of stones used as a landmark or memorial, often atop hills. Gaelic “carn”=pile of stones.

A short and memorable phrase used in advertising. Gaelic “sluagh-ghairm”=battle cry < “sluagh”=host + “gairm”=a shout or cry.

A poet. Gaelic “bard”=minstrel-poet < Old Celtic “*bardo”=one from an order of minstrel-poets who created epic tales put to song.

A poet. Gaelic and Irish “bard” < Old Celtic “*bardo”=poet-singer, minstrel. A term on contempt in the C16th.

Shape-changing water spirit or demon, usually taking the shape of a horse. Gaelic “cailpeach”=colt, heifer.

Scottish two-edged broadsword. Gaelic “claidheamh”=sword + “mor”=great.

A wheel of cheese. Old Scottish dialect. Middle English “cabuck” < Possibly from Gaelic “c├ábag”=cheese.

Alcoholic drink from distilled grain. From Gaelic “uisge beatha “=water of life < Old Irish “uisce”=water+”bethu”=life.