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A type of song from the German Romantic period (late C18th-early C19th). Pronounced “leet.” German “lied”=song < Old High German “liod” < Proto-Germanic “*leuthan.”


A type of dry white wine from Germany. An abbreviation of “Hochheimer Wein”=wine from Hocheim.

A syndicate, combine, or trust formed especially to regulate prices and output in business. German “Kartell” < Italian “cartello”=paper, letter, or bill < Latin “carta”=card.

“Cheers” or “Good Health” < German “prost” < Latin “prosit” < “prodesse”=may it benefit; to be of value.

Alpine peasant full skirt with bodice. German dialect < diminutive of “dirne”=girl < Old High German “diorna”=girl, maiden.

A leave of absence, esp. in relation to soldiers. Dutch “verlof” < imitation of German “verlaub” < “ver”=for + “laub-“=leave/allow.

Short tube that swimmer uses to breathe under the surface of water. German “Schnorchel”=an air intake on submarines.

A small hill or mound. Old English “cnoll”=hill-top, summit. Same root as German “knolle”=lump, and Dutch “knolle”=clod, turnip.

Military hat with a peak and a pom-pom (ball). Hungarian “csákos süveg”=peaked cap < “csák” = peak < German “zacken”=spike, point.

The distance between two duellers. German “mensur” < Latin “menura” < measure < “metiri” < to measure.

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