You are currently browsing the tag archive for the ‘Greek’ tag.

A word (or morpheme) from which a later word is derived; an earlier form of a word in the same language or an ancestral language. Greek “etumon”=true thing.


The use of a word or phrase to refer back to a word used earlier in a text or conversation, in order to avoid repetition e.g. with pronouns as in “I saw Tom and HE was happy.” Greek “anafora”=carry back < “ana”=back + “ferein”=to bear.

Able to change frequently or easily; displaying great diversity or variety. Greek “Proteus”=god of the sea, son of Oceanus and Tethys, noted for his ability to change shape at will.

Relating to or characterized by an interest in excrement and excretion. Greek “scatology”=the study of feces to diagnose illness < “scat”=dung + “-ology”=science of study of + “-ical”-adjective-forming suffix.

A tall Greek or Roman jar with two handles and a narrow neck. Latin “amphora” < Greek “amphoreus” < “amphi”=on both sides + “phoreus”=to bear, carry, referring to the handles.

Using the name of a part of something to refer to the whole thing, or the name of a whole thing to refer to part of it. Latin “synecdoche” < Greek “sunekdokhi” < “sun-“=together + “ekdokhi”=taking from another, succession.

A statement in which you say the same thing twice using different words in a way which is not necessary. Latin “tautologia” < Greek “tautologos” < “tauto”=same + “logos”=to say or speak.

The art of making clocks; the study and measurement of time. Greek “orologia” < “ora”=time + “-ology”=the study or art of something.

A work of art made of of three panels; a series of three books. Greek “tri-“=three + “diptikos”=twice- folded < “di-“=two + “ptuki”=fold.

Relating to or requiring an absence of oxygen. French “anaĆ©robie” < “an”=without + “aĆ©robie”=related to air < Greek “aer”=air.

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