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A harem; a Turkish palace. Italian “serraglio” < Latin “serraculum”=place of confinement < Persian “serai”=lodging, residence.


In music, played quickly. Italian “presto”=soon, in a short time < Latin “praesto”=close at hand, ready.

An angry and loud speech, often of denouncement. French “tirade”=long speech < Italian “tirata”=a volley < tirare”=to pull, stretch

A mounted soldier, a horseman. French “cavalier” < Italian “cavaliere” < “cavallo”=horse < Latin “cabballus”=horse.

A subdivision of an army, usually part of a division. Italian “brigata”=company < "brigare"=to fight < Latin "briga"=strife.

A quick, witty reply.. French “riposte”=a return thrust in fencing < Italian “riposta”= a reply < Latin “respondere”=to reply.

In history, the title for the head magistrate of Venice or Genoa. Italian “doge” < Latin “dux”=leader.

A short official statement or memo. Italian “bullettino” < “bulleta”=passport < “bulle”=seal or bull.

A thing of no value or importance. French “bagatelle” < Italian “bagatella” < “baga”=baggage.

A con artist; an imposter. French “charlatan” < Italian “ciarlar” to chatter, prattle, or babble nonsensically.