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An outbreak of public anger or excitement. French “fureur” < Latin “furere”=to rage, to be mad, angry.

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Shy and retiring, not wanting to draw attention to yourself; lacking in confidence. Latin “diffidere”=lacking in faith, trust, or confidence < “dif-“=prefix marking opposite + “fidere”=to trust.

One of a number of parts that make up a whole item – machine, system etc. Latin “componere”=to put together < “com-“=together + “ponere”=to put.

To make judgments and decisions by using logic and reason. Latin “ratiocinari”=to compare, calculate, reason < “ratio”=the act of thinking, reasoning < “rat-“=past participle of “reri”=to think, count.

Stubborn and unreasonable refusal to change your ideas or behavior. Spanish “los intransigentes” applied to the extreme Republicans in Spain during 1873-74 < Latin “in-“=not + “trans”=across + “agere”=to act.

A decoration that goes along the top of the walls of a room or a building. French “frise”=border, ornament < Latin “Phrygium”=something from Phrygia.

To provide help or a service to someone; to give or deliver. Old French “rendre”=to return or give back < Latin “reddere”= to give back < “re-“=back, again + “dare”=to give.

To attract and hold the attention of someone. Latin “captivare”=to take prisoner, to capture < “captivus”=captive, prisoner < “captus”=taken.

To make something seem better, larger, worse etc. than it really is. Latin “exaggerare”=to pile up into a heap < “ex-“=intensifying prefix + “aggerare”=to pile up < “agger”=a heap.

A state of serious or continued difficulty or misfortune. Middle English “aduercetee” < Anglo-Norman “averset√©” = a turn in fortune < Latin “advertere”=to turn towards < “ad-“=toward + “vertere”=to turn.

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