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An order or decree imposed by someone in power without popular consent. German “Diktat”=imposition, command, order < Latin “dictatum”=something dictated < “dictare”=to say, speak, express.

Wanting to fight or start a war. Latin “bellicosus” < “bellicus “=warlike’ + “-ose”=adjective-forming suffix meaning “full of, abounding in” < “bellum”=war’.

Someone who grows grapes. French “vigneron” < Latin “vignum”=wine.

Having the characteristics of a goose; stupid and/or silly. Latin “anserinus”=obtained from geese < “anser”=goose.

Violent seizure of prey or property; plunder. Anglo-Norman “raveine” < force, violence < Latin “rapina”=pillage < “rapere”=to seize, carry off.

Someone who speaks publicly in support of a particular idea or plan of action. Latin “proponens”=one who proposes < “proponere”=to put forward < “pro”=forward + “ponere”=to put.

To protest or complain about something or someone very strongly. Middle English “inveygh”=to bring in, to introduce < Latin “invehere”=to carry or bear < “in”=into + “vehere”=to carry.

Repeated in a way that uses exactly the same words as were originally used by someone else previously. Latin “verbatim” < “verbum”=word +”-atim”=adverb-forming suffix.

Belonging to or coming from an early time in the very ancient past; very simple and basic. Old French “primitif” < Latin “primitivus”=first of its kind < “primus”=first.

A list (mental or physical) of all the words used in a particular language or subject; a dictionary. Latin “lexicon”=word book < Greek “lexikos”=of, or for, words < “lexis”=word, diction, speech.

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