You are currently browsing the tag archive for the ‘Middle Dutch’ tag.

Descriptive of water that is salty, like sea water or river water at estuaries where it meets the ocean; general meaning of distasteful. Dutch “brak”=salty, briny < Middle Dutch “brac” + “-isch”=adjective-forming suffix meaning “having the quality of.”

To quickly push your finger or other pointed object into someone or something. Possibly Middle Dutch “poken”=to stoke a fire, to stab at or Middle Low German “poken”=to thrust with a knife or dagger.

To try to embarrass someone who is speaking or performing in public by interrupting loudly. Middle English “hackle” < Middle Dutch “hekele”=a toothed tool for combing and preparing fibers for spinning – the sense of “dragging someone though a hackle.”

In general, a relish made from vegetables or fruit (or specifically a cucumber) preserved in vinegar or brine. Uncertain origin, possibly Middle Dutch “pekel”=a sauce or preserve < Germanic “peken”=to pierce, prick – in the sense of “something that pricks or is piquant.”

British nautical slang for a sailor. French “matelot”=sailor < Middle Dutch “mattenoot”=bed companion, because sailors had to share hammocks in twos.

A hole or container, especially in the lower part of an engine, into which a liquid that is not needed can flow. Middle English “sompe” < Middle Dutch “somp”=marsh, swamp.

A small piece of shiny metal or plastic sewn onto clothes to give them a shining effect; a sequin. Middle Dutch “spange”=buckle, clasp, ornament + Middle English “-le”=diminutive suffix.

A swaggering gallant or bully. Middle Dutch “ruter”=a cavalry soldier + “-kin”=diminutive suffix (a little/childish bully).

A boisterous, noisy girl or a rude, ignorant man. Probably Middle Dutch “heiden”=someone holding unenlightened beliefs – a rustic commoner.

Found in the phrase “in a trice” meaning “quickly” or “in a moment.” Middle English “trice”=a tug < Middle Dutch “trisen”=to pull.

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