You are currently browsing the tag archive for the ‘Middle English’ tag.

Looking and/or feeling sad, dejected, or miserable. Middle English “gloum”=to look displeased or sullen < Old English “*glúmian.”


To become or make narrow. Middle English “streit” < Old French “estreit”=tight, close, narrow < Latin “stringere”=to tighten or bind tightly.

To improve someone’s mind or character by teaching them something. Middle English “aedifie”=to build up < Latin “aedificare” < “aedis”=a dwelling + “ficare”=to make.

Cautious, secretive action. Middle English “stalthe” < Old English “staelth” < Germanic “staol”=steal + “-th”=noun-forming suffix.

A person who works in a coal mine (chiefly British English). Middle English “colyer”=one who trades in coal or charcoal < Old English “col”=coal/charcoal.

A small building, often made of wood, used for storing things. Middle English “shadde” < Old English “scead”=shade, covering, darkness.

Part of a bird’s gullet where food is stored or prepared for digestion. Middle English “crawe” < Old English “*craga”=neck or throat.

A split of a group into two, usually caused by disagreement about its aims and beliefs. Middle English “scisme” < Old French “cisme” < Latin “schisma” < Greek “skisma ‘” < “skizein”=to split.

A young cow that hasn’t had a calf. Middle English “que” < ?Old Icelandic “ky”=cow.

To beat or pulse with a strong, regular rhythm. Middle English “throb” < imitative of the sound of a heart or pulse.

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