You are currently browsing the tag archive for the ‘Middle English’ tag.

An object that joins two parts of something and helps it to turn around; to turn around about a fixed point. Middle English “swyuel” < Old English “swyfen”=to move in a course, to sweep, to have intercourse.

Happening purely by chance; having no plan, order, or direction. Middle English “hap”=good luck or good fortune + “aserd”=gambling game with two dice < Old French “hasard” < Arabic “al zhar”=the die, meaning “chance or luck.”

Cold and miserable; not hopeful or encouraging; dreary or cheerless. Middle English “bleke”=colorless, pale, wan < Old English “blaec”=white, shining, bleached.

A group of people who travel with someone important to provide help and support. Middle English “reteignew” < Anglo-Norman “retenu” < Latin “retinere”=to hold, restrain, retain < “re-“= back + “tenere”=to hold.

A large pot, kettle, or boiler. Middle English “caudroun” < Anglo-Norman “cauderon” < Latin “caldarium”=a hot bath < “calidus”=hot.

A person whose job is fitting glass into windows and doors. Middle English “glasyer”=glass maker < Old English “glaes”=glass < Germanic “*glaso” + “=ere”=suffix with the sense of “someone who does something.”

A slice of meat. Middle English “colope”=eggs on ham, possibly from same roots as Swedish “kalops”=beef stew.

The use of magic or enchantment; the practice of magic arts; witchcraft. Middle English “sorceri” < Old French “sorcerie” < “sorcier”=magician < Latin “sors”=fate, divination i.e. one who influences destiny.

To move quickly, possible with undue haste. Middle English “rossche” < Old French “ruser”=to drive back in battle.

Not shaking or moving, held firmly in one place or position; unchanging over time. Middle English “stedy” < Old English “stede”=a place + “-y”=adverb-forming suffix < Germanic “*stadiz”=stand, position.

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