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A fortified village or town in France. Middle French “bastide” < Old Occitan “bastida”=fortress, cabin, hut < “bastir”=to build.

A group of words that has a special meaning that is different from the ordinary meaning of each separate word. Middle French “idiome”=distinctive form of regional speech < Greek “idioma”=property, peculiarity < “idiousthai”=to make one’s own.

A part of a castle wall that sticks out from the rest; an institution, place, or person that strongly maintains specific principles, attitudes, or activities. Middle French “bastion” < Italian “bastione” < “bastia”=small square fortress < Latin “bastire”=to build.

A person’s appearance or manner, often seen as related to their character or personality. Blend of Middle French “mine”=countenance, appearance, and Old French “se demener”=to conduct oneself.

Having committed a sin; causing disease. Middle French “peccant”=unhealthy < Latin “peccans”=wrongdoer, sinner < “peccare”=to sin.

A person or company that represents another person or company, especially in business. Middle French “agent” < Latin “agens”=acting, pleader, advocate < “agere”=to act or to do.

To respect and admire someone or something very much. Middle French “reverer”=to feel respect for < Latin “revereri” < “re-“=intensifying prefix + “vereri”=to fear.

An opening, such as a vent, mouth, or hole, through which something may pass. Middle French “orifice”=opening, aperture < Latin “orificium” < “ori-“=mouth + “facere”=to make.

The act of stretching ones limbs because of tiredness; yawning. Middle French “pendiculation” < Latin “pandiculari”=to stretch oneself < “pandere”=to stretch.

To talk in a rambling, foolish, or meaningless way; to wander or act in an aimless, confused manner. Uncertain origin but perhaps “maunder”=to beg (“maunderer”= a beggar) <Middle French “mendier”=to beg.

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