You are currently browsing the tag archive for the ‘Old French’ tag.

A place of safety that provides protection, especially for people who are in danger. Old French “sanctuaire” < Latin “sanctuarium” < “sanctus”=holy.


A deep wide channel , usually filled with water, dug around a castle as a defense. Old French “mote”=mound, embankment.

A set of moral principles that guides someone’s (or some group’s) behavior. Old French “ethique” < Latin “ethice”=moral philosophy < Greek “ithikos”=moral or showing moral character.

To charge a holder of public office with misconduct. Old French “empecher”=to impede or hinder < Latin “impedicare”=to catch, entangle < “in-“=toward + “pedica”=a fetter, restraint < “ped”=foot.

Someone who makes shoes for horses; a blacksmith. Old French “ferrier” < Latin “ferrarius” < “ferrum”=iron, horseshoe.

An amount that is too much or more than you need. Anglo-Norman “surfeit”=excess < Old French “sorfait” < “sur”=above, excess + “faire”=to do.

An officials with judicial or executive authority in a town or borough. Old French “bourgois”=inhabitant of a town < Latin “burgus”=castle or fortified town.

A legal rule that prevents someone from saying that something they said earlier in court is untrue. Old French “estoupail”=bung or cork < “estouper”=to block up < Latin “stuppa”=stop, block.

To praise someone very highly. Old French “laude”=praise, commendation < Latin “laudare”=to sing the praises or or celebrate.

A split of a group into two, usually caused by disagreement about its aims and beliefs. Middle English “scisme” < Old French “cisme” < Latin “schisma” < Greek “skisma ‘” < “skizein”=to split.

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