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The use of magic or enchantment; the practice of magic arts; witchcraft. Middle English “sorceri” < Old French “sorcerie” < “sorcier”=magician < Latin “sors”=fate, divination i.e. one who influences destiny.

To move quickly, possible with undue haste. Middle English “rossche” < Old French “ruser”=to drive back in battle.

To repair or fix something that is broken or not working. Middle English “amende” < Old French “amender” < Latin “emendare”=to correct, to free from fault < “ex-“=out + “menda”=a fault.

Waste material, such as paper, empty containers, and food, that is thrown away. Middle English “garbage”=the offal and entrails of an animal, especially those used as food < Old French “garbe.”

A balled mixture of meat and spices, coated in breadcrumbs and fried. Old French “ruissole” < Latin “russeolus”=reddish < “russus”=red.

A tune that is played or sung above the main tune in a piece of music. Old French “deschant” < Latin “discantus”=technique of writing or improvising music in parts < “dis-“=separate + “cantus”=singing, song < “cantare”=to sing.

To surprise someone greatly; to cause a feeling of great wonder or surprise in someone. Old French “estoner”=to stun, paralyse, deaden, stupefy < Latin “ex-“=out of + “tonare”=thunder.

To give someone a position, job, or duty. Old French “appointer” < “à point”=to the point, into condition.

The central pillar that forms the axis of a spiral or winding staircase. Middle English “niewel” < Old French “nuel”=kernal, stone (of a fruit), possibly < Latin “nodus”=knot.

A short piece of writing on a particular subject, originally with the sense of being incomplete and more of a test piece. Old French “assai/essai”=to try out, to test < Latin “exagere”=to test, weigh, examine.

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