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Beast with lion’s body and human head. Latin < Greek “mantikhoras” < unattested Old Persian “*martya-xvara”=man-eater.


Use of supernatural force to control nature. Old French “magique” < Latin “magicus” < Greek “magos”=magician < Old Persian “magus.”

Modern name (from 1935) for Persia. From Old Persian “aryana”=person of Arya. Ultimately thought to mean “noble warriors.”