You are currently browsing the tag archive for the ‘Proto-Indo-European’ tag.

A bowl-shaped hollow partly enclosed by steep walls lying at the head of a valley or on a mountain slope. Welsh “cwm”=deep valley < Proto-Indo-European “*kumb-“=valley.

To cut or chop something with a cutting tool e.g an ax or a pick. Old English “haewan”=to strike with a cutting weapon, probably < Proto-Indo-European “*kewh-“=to strike, forge.

To think about problems or fears; to feel or express great concern. Old English “wyrgan”=to strangle, choke < Old Germanic “*wurgjan” < Indo-European “*wergh-“

A powerful, often illegal, drug made from poppy seeds. Latin “opium” < Greek “opion”=poppy juice < “opos”=plant juice < Proto-Indo-European “*swokwos”=juice.

A layer of dirt or froth on the top of a liquid. Middle Low German “schum”=foam, froth < Germanic “*skumo-” < Proto-Indo-European “*skeu-“=to cover.

Low down in position; under. Old English “nithera”=lower, bottom < Proto-Indo-European "*ni-"=down.

Large black crow that feeds on dead meat. Old English “hraefn” < Proto-Germanic “*khrabanaz” < Proto-Indo-European “*kor”=to croak.

A large black Euroasian bird like a crow. Old English “hroc” < Proto-Indo-European “*kor”=to croak (possibly imitative of the sound).

A feeling of great sadness, often caused by loss. Old English “sorg”=sorrow ?< Proto-Indo-European “*swergh”=to worry.

A small sharp piece of something broken off a larger piece. Middle Dutch “splinter” < ?Proto-Indo-European “*splei”=to break off.

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