You are currently browsing the tag archive for the ‘Proto-Indo-European’ tag.

A powerful, often illegal, drug made from poppy seeds. Latin “opium” < Greek “opion”=poppy juice < “opos”=plant juice < Proto-Indo-European “*swokwos”=juice.


A layer of dirt or froth on the top of a liquid. Middle Low German “schum”=foam, froth < Germanic “*skumo-” < Proto-Indo-European “*skeu-“=to cover.

Low down in position; under. Old English “nithera”=lower, bottom < Proto-Indo-European "*ni-"=down.

Large black crow that feeds on dead meat. Old English “hraefn” < Proto-Germanic “*khrabanaz” < Proto-Indo-European “*kor”=to croak.

A large black Euroasian bird like a crow. Old English “hroc” < Proto-Indo-European “*kor”=to croak (possibly imitative of the sound).

A feeling of great sadness, often caused by loss. Old English “sorg”=sorrow ?< Proto-Indo-European “*swergh”=to worry.

A small sharp piece of something broken off a larger piece. Middle Dutch “splinter” < ?Proto-Indo-European “*splei”=to break off.

Thin pointed metal pin with hole at one end used for sewing. Old English “naedl” < Proto-Indo-European “*(s)neh”=to spin.

To extract metal from its ore by a process heating. Middle Low German “smilten” ult. < Proto-Indo-European base “*mel”=soft.

A castrated cock fattened for eating. Old English “capun” < Latin “capon-em”=to cut off < ?Proto-Indo-European “*kop”=to hit, strike.

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