You are currently browsing the tag archive for the ‘Proto-Indo-European’ tag.

Low down in position; under. Old English “nithera”=lower, bottom < Proto-Indo-European "*ni-"=down.


Large black crow that feeds on dead meat. Old English “hraefn” < Proto-Germanic “*khrabanaz” < Proto-Indo-European “*kor”=to croak.

A large black Euroasian bird like a crow. Old English “hroc” < Proto-Indo-European “*kor”=to croak (possibly imitative of the sound).

A feeling of great sadness, often caused by loss. Old English “sorg”=sorrow ?< Proto-Indo-European “*swergh”=to worry.

A small sharp piece of something broken off a larger piece. Middle Dutch “splinter” < ?Proto-Indo-European “*splei”=to break off.

Thin pointed metal pin with hole at one end used for sewing. Old English “naedl” < Proto-Indo-European “*(s)neh”=to spin.

To extract metal from its ore by a process heating. Middle Low German “smilten” ult. < Proto-Indo-European base “*mel”=soft.

A castrated cock fattened for eating. Old English “capun” < Latin “capon-em”=to cut off < ?Proto-Indo-European “*kop”=to hit, strike.

Bi-valved shellfish eaten raw or cooked. Old French “oistre” < Greek “ostreon” < Proto-Indo-European *”ost-“=bone.

Short, jumping amphibian. Old English “frogga” < “frosch”=a frog < ?Proto-Indo-European “*prew-“=to jump, hop.