You are currently browsing the tag archive for the ‘Sanskrit’ tag.

In India, a covered bullock- or horse-drawn vehicle, often carrying a sacred image in a religious procession. Hindi “rath” < Sanskrit “ratha”=chariot, carriage, vehicle.

Cow dung, especially when dried and used as fuel. Hindi “gobar < Prakrit “govara” < Sanskrit “gomaya”=related to cattle < “go”=cow + “maya”=adjective-forming suffix.

A thunderbolt or mythical weapon. especially one used by the Hindu god Indra. Sankrit “vajra.”

A covered litter for one passenger, consisting of a large box carried on two horizontal poles by four or six bearers. Portuguese “palanquim” < Hindi “palaki” < Sanskrit “paalyanka”=bed, litter.

An Indian antelope, the male of which has a blue-grey coat and short horns. Marathi “nilgay” < Sanskrit “nila”=dark blue + “gavi”=cow.

South Asian monastic community (often Hindu) or religious retreat. Sanskrit “asrama”=hermitage < “a-“=towards + “srama”=effort, purpose.

State of peace, and exit from the Buddhist cycle of reincarnation. Sanskrit “nirva”=to be extinguished < "nis"=out + "va"=to blow.

An indigo dye, from the Indigo shrub. Spanish “anik” < Arabic “al-nil” < “al”=the + Sanskrit “nila”=dark blue.

Chess piece like a castle tower. Old French “rok” < Arabic “rukk” < Persian “ruc” < ?Sanskrit “ratha”=chariot (original piece).

An ointment put on the skin to stop pain or provide protection. Old English “sealf” < Germanic “*salba” < Sanskrit “sarpis”=butter.

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