To praise with enthusiasm. Middle English “extoll”=to lift up, raise < Latin “extollere” < “ex-“=out, upward + “tollere”=to raise.

Extremely unpleasant or disgusting; deserving of hatred. Anglo-Norman “odiose” < Latin “odiosus” =offensive < “odium”=hatred.

A vigorous campaign for change. French “croisade”=marked with a cross < Latin “cruciare”=to mark with a cross < “crux”=cross.

A pile of stones used as a landmark or memorial, often atop hills. Gaelic “carn”=pile of stones.

Traditions and knowledge passed down orally within a group. Old English “lar”=teaching, instruction < Old Germanic “*laizâ”=learn.

Something that causes fear or anxiety; an evil spirit. Uncertain origin ?Welsh “bwgan bo”=the devil.

A public vehicle that carries many passengers (shortened to “bus”). Latin “omnibus”=for all < “omni”=all.

British slang for one who studies very hard (often derogatory). From “sweat” < Old English “swat”=perspire < Indo-European “*swait

A rough matted rug or hairstyle. Old English “sceacga”=matted hair < Proto-Germanic “skagjan”=related to a wood.

A maker of fashionable women’s dresses and hats. French “modiste” < “mode”=fashion < Latin “modus”=manner or “in the style of.”