A court that is given official authority to deal with a particular situation or problem. Latin “tribubnal” < “tribunus”=head of a tribe.

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A criss-crossed wooden frame used to support climbing plants. Old French “trelis” < Latin “tri-“=three + “licium”+thread.”

A line that curls around a central point, moving further away from the center all the time. Latin “spiralis” < “spira”=coil < Greek “speira”=twisting, winding.

A flag on a ship that shows what country the ship belongs to; the lowest commissioned rank in the US navy. Old French “enseigne” < Latin “insignia”=signs of office.

A tray, used for handing refreshments or for presenting letters, visiting-cards, etc. French “salve”=tray for presenting food to the king < Spanish “salva”=a sample of food < Latin “salvar”=to make safe.

A liquid mixture you put on your skin or hair to clean, soften, or protect it. Middle French “loccion” < act of washing < Latin “lotio” < “lavare”=to wash.

The sound of a bell, especially at a funeral. Old English “cnyllan”=to strike with a resounding blow.

A corded ribbon used for stiffening clothes or hats. Named for Lord Petersham (1790–1851), English army officer, a Regency period fashionista.

A written statement by a group that says what they believe in and intend to do. Latin “manifestus”=clear, revealed < “manus”=hand + “-festus”=uncertain origin.

Tiny piece of matter with a +ve charge that is in the middle of an atom. Greek “protos”=first.

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