The smallest unit of a substance, consisting of one or more atoms; generally something very, very small. French “molécule” < Latin “molecula” < “molus”=mass + “-culus”=suffix denoting small, diminutive.

Truthful; honest. Latin “verdicus” < “verus”=true + “dicere”=to speak, say.

The quality or state of being covered with hair; hairiness. Latin “pilositas”=hairness < “pilosus”=hairy < “pilus”=hair + “-ity”= noun-forming suffix.

Of language containing obscenities, abuse, or slander; vulgar and/or coarse of speech. French “scurrile”= coarse, rough < Latin “scurra”=a fool + “-ous”=adjective-forming suffix.

To burst into flame and burn away rapidly. Latin “deflagrare”=to burn away, consume by fire < “de-“=away + “flagrare”=to burn.

The wand carried by an ancient Greek or Roman herald; wand carried by Hermes or Mercury as the messenger of the gods; usually represented with two serpents twined round it. Latin “caduceus” < Greek “karukeion” < “kerux”=herald.

A person who cooperates with an occupying enemy force; a collaborator/traitor. From the name of Major Vidkun Quisling (1887–1945), Norwegian officer, diplomat, and fascist leader, who collaborated with German forces during the occupation of Norway from 1940 to 1945.

Cheerful, friendly, and pleasant. Latin “genialis”=of or connected with marriage, or with good cheer, festivity < “genius”=innate ability, spirit + “-alis”=suffix with sense of “relating to.”

To make something known that was previously hidden or restricted; to disclose. Middle English “dyvulge” < Latin “divulgare”= to spread amongst the people < “di(s)-“=away, abroad + “vulgare”=to make common < “vulgus”=the common people.

A member of an Allied force fighting behind Japanese lines in Myanmar (Burma) during the Second World War. Mishearing of Burmese “hkrang se”=lion, but also used to denote a lion-like mythological animal in that region.

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